Although Fabergé is the best known of the Russian Imperial jewelers, there were a number of talented goldsmiths supplying the fabulously wealthy Russian court. Firms such as Hahn, Koechli, Bolin, Tillander, or Ivan Britzin designed and created exceptional jeweled and enameled items with traditional Russian ornament as well as the latest styles demanded by clients who spent as much time in Paris as Petersburg. Artist-Jewelers also produced vertu, or objects of vertu, which were small items of gold, often set with jewels, which represented unusual excellence or skill in creation but were not worn and were therefore not classified as jewelry. Vertu includes exquisite items of everyday use such as scent flasks, bell pushes or paper knives produced in precious metals and ornamented with jewels and enamel. One of the most important categories of vertu — and a particular area of interest for us — is the jeweled or enameled snuffboxes granted as Imperial or royal gifts as a mark of the sovereign’s favor.