The wealth, pride and opulence of the Russian Imperial Court was widely showcased by the wonderful forms and vibrant decoration used in the production of porcelains by the Imperial Porcelain Factory in ST Petersburg. The factory started in 1744; however, Catherine the Great was very instrumental in the growth and development of the factory. During her reign, the technical and artistic advancement of the factory was significant. Tsar Nicholas I was also a very big supporter of the arts, including artistic porcelain. Under his supervision, many opulent table services were created, in addition to numerous vases and urns, some of enormous scale. There were also a number of “private factories” producing porcelain in Russia, such as Gardner, Popov and Kornilov, each producing their own style of porcelain goods.